The Storkyrkan (Great Church) was built in 1306 at the site of a small chapel dedicated to St. Nicholas. In 1942, it became the cathedral of Stockholm. Royal ceremonies – such as the wedding of crown princess Victoria in 2010 – take place here.
The cathedral is located in Gamla Stan, Stockholm’s Old Town, at the top of the Slottsbacken slope near the Royal Palace.
A small fishermen’s chapel stood at this site, possibly as early as in the twelfth century. After the chapel was ravaged by fire in 1306, it was rebuilt as a basilica. The church has undergone many significant changes over the centuries.
The Gothic interior dates back to the fifteenth century, when the church was expanded, while the exterior was partly reconstructed in the 1740s in a Baroque style to better complement the architecture of the Royal Palace. The clock tower, built in 1743, rises over Gamla Stan with a height of 66 meters (216 feet) and features prominently in the city’s skyline.
Storkyrkan, a five-aisled church with Gothic lierne vaulting, is home to some magnificent treasures.
The star attraction is a 3.5-meter-tall (11 ft.) sculpture group of St. George and the Dragon. It commemorates the victory of the Swedish army over the Danes at the battle of Brunkeberg in 1471 and was commissioned by the leader of the army, Sten Sture. There is no certainty over the identity of its creator, although it is commonly attributed to the German sculptor Bernt Notke. The sculpture is made of wood, iron and gold leaf, and elk horn was used for the dragon’s scales.
Another famous work of art in the Storkyrkan is the Vädersolstavlan or Sun Dog Painting. It depicts an atmospheric phenomenon that was observed above Stockholm on April 20, 1535, when six ‘sun dogs’ or ‘mock suns’ were seen over the city. The current picture is a copy, created in 1636 by Jacob Heinrich Elbfas. The original painting, the oldest depiction of Stockholm, was created in 1535 by Urban Målare but is now lost.
Other interesting artwork in the church include the silver altar from 1650, the pulpit and two royal chairs – both sculpted by Burchardt Brecht in 1680, a 3.7 meter-tall candlestick and two giant canvases by David Klöcker von Ehrenstrahl: the Crucifixion and the Last Judgment.
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